Sugar is an essential substance for life, as well as being part of the most pleasurable foods; however, this compound is a double-edged sword, to which you must have judgment. That is why today we bring you everything you need to take into account regarding what sugar represents for your proper functioning.
In this article, you will learn how sugar consumption affects the maintenance of a healthy life. First of all, you should know that it is in your body in the form of glucose.
The glucose is the main source of energy in the body, for life support functions such as temperature regulation, breathing or heartbeat. This molecule is responsible for giving energy to your entire body. Thus, just as gasoline allows movement to a car, glucose allows the body.
This is nothing more than a simple sugar found in the blood. You can get the same through food, specifically carbohydrates. This type of substances is present in flours, fruits, in rice and, of course, sweets.
When you eat, the food is broken down into substances that can be used by the body. Carbohydrates are then transformed into glucose; This will later be transformed into glycogen, which will be an energy reserve that will be stored in the liver.
How does sugar affect the body?
Your pancreas receives signals that a food has been ingested and produces insulin, a hormone that will make cells more sensitive so they can pick up glucose. It is the bridge that allows the passage of glucose.
This shows that consuming carbohydrates is crucial so that you can keep your body active and vital, but you must do it in adequate amounts. No wonder, how delicious are the sweets, pizzas, pasta and many other foods with high carbohydrate content.
You must remember that these last ones are translated into enormous quantities of sugar. This, in turn, represents damage to your own body, a lethal weapon; the excess of glucose in the blood, called hyperglycemia, does not mean that you are going to have a more full body of energy.
Consequences of excess blood sugar
This surplus is a generator of diseases such as type 2 diabetes, where the pancreas still produces insulin but the cells are unable to capture them and become resistant to this hormone. What does this imply? Your body will be unable to absorb glucose and you will be fatigued.
In addition, the excess of sugar has a particular effect: the blood becomes acidic, not sweet. This causes a deficiency in the work of the different systems that make up your body. It can also cause different infections, causing a condition called ketoacidosis.
Likewise, there is another series of damages generated by excess glucose:
- Weight gain, because the liver transforms this excess into fat in adipose tissue, possibly causing obesity.
- The brain, the master organ, is severely affected by acid blood, as it reduces its plasticity.
Contrary to what you may believe, it slows down its functions, it can harm it to the point of reaching a coma.
- As the kidneys are responsible for filtering what harms your body, there is an overload of work for them. This could later translate into renal failure if this becomes repetitive.
This process generates an insatiable thirst, as well as frequent urges to urinate, the most representative signs of hyperglycemia.
- Your tissues, in general, would be in danger, because this picture accelerates the oxidation process of the cells.
- An effect that is little named has to do with the impact on an emotional level, precisely because of all that alteration in the functioning of the brain. You can become highly irritable and upset at the increase in blood glucose.
Remember that your body always seeks balance. An imbalance implies an attack against your welfare. Eating in proper proportions and exercising is the key to enjoying a healthy and long-lived life.